Flexible Fiberoptic Endoscopy is a simple procedure that is performed using a flexible fiberoptic scope, which is made of soft rubber and is attached to a camera and a light source. It is performed to evaluate the nasal cavities, sinuses’ drainage sites and the nasopharynx to look for signs of inflammation, infection, anatomical abnormalities or masses. It can also be extended to examine the hypopharynx and larynx, when indicated.
The child is comforted before the procedure and a local anesthetic, in a gel form, may need to be installed in the nasal cavities in some patients to decrease the irritation. If the patient is a little child or infant, he/she is then put on the lap of one of the parents or a nurse to hold. The patient can resume eating and drinking one hour after the procedure (if a local anesthetic was used), otherwise, there is no need to wait. The findings are discussed with parents at the end of the procedure.